With T. Reilly, A.
With C. Van den Bossche, G. Beunen, R. Renson, J. LeFevre, A. Claessens, R. Lysens, H. Maes, J. Simons, B. Vanden Eynde and B. With P. Gomes, Y. With H. Maes, G.
derivid.route1.com/el-ciclo-de-vida-del.php Vlietinck, J. LeFevre, C. Van den Bossche, A. Derom, R. Lysens, R. Simons and B. Vanden Eynde. With S. Derham, T. Sovak, M. Differences found between players in different playing positions are related to the technical and tactical demands of each. A study by Gualdi-Russo and Zaccagni showed that centers' taller stature is definitive in blocking actions, while setters need to be more agile and quick, height being less important. In this study, centers presented a more homogeneous SAM, while setters and spikers showed more heterogeneity.
This difference is related to the degree of specialization that centers have attained, and is consistent with descriptions by other authors concluding that certain positions in team sports are more homogeneous than others.
The average somatotype found in this study 2. Carter and Gualdi-Russo and Zaccagni obtained a mean somatotype with similar magnitudes of the three components central somatotype for volleyball players on the US team 3. Vivolo et al. Malousaris et al. Cuban female players presented a lower average endomorphic value-i. The Cubans' average mesomorphic value relative musculoskeletal development was greater than those of players from the United States, Italy and Greece. Values for percent adipose, muscular, skeletal and skin mass found for female first-division Argentinean players were less than those observed in this study.
Cubans' lower percent adiposity Fat is known to be a liability for the development of certain potentialities, such as explosive power,[17,48,49] while lesser muscular mass limits strength development. Analyzing data on women Olympic volleyball champions is a novel application of this type of kinanthropometric study, but the most innovative aspect is the introduction of the five-way fractionation method compartmentalizing body mass into adipose, muscle, skeletal, skin and residual tissue.
The body composition standards applied here, based on the Ross and Kerr anthropometric method, can be used as a reference point by researchers and sports medicine specialists, since the literature consulted appears to have few references to the use of this fractionation method to estimate body composition of elite volleyball players. Application of this method opens possibilities for researchers concentrating on classification of female team sports players, since to date, studies of female athletes have been limited to the two-part fractionation method to categorize body mass.
Our results are largely consistent with those in the international literature. The lack of published research in areas associated with applied sciences in women's volleyball has been offset with many studies in the area of traumatology and neuromuscular physiology. A limiting factor in our study was that it does not include reference values for female players performing in the opposite position. Literature on this position[17,47] is extremely rare, and the Cuban school of volleyball has not developed this playing position enough to have a representative sample included in the study, since its game system has for the most part been based on centers, setters and spikers, with a few liberos.
Another possible limiting factor is the fact that the population of volleyball players under study is from 11 years ago. However, the majority of anthropometric values found are still valid in the Cuban volleyball population, although increased height has been noted. Cuba's women Olympic volleyball champions present a kinanthropometric profile defined by significant musculoskeletal development and a predominantly mesomorphic somatotype with low endomorphy.
Athletes' height and body composition differ by playing position. Given the record of achievement of Cuba's female volleyball team and the dearth of studies on Olympic volleyball champions, this study contributes knowledge useful for athletic talent selection, medical supervision of athletic training and teaching of applied sciences in sports. The authors wish to thank professors Lindsay Carter, Timothy Olds and Francis Holway for their collaboration in providing reference materials to enrich the analysis in this article.
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Request PDF on ResearchGate | Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology 4th ed | CONTENTS [chapters] Section I Measurement in exercise science 1. Kinanthropometry IV: Medicine & Health Science Books @ izytoripeb.tk
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In this study, the Cuban players He has been involved in the teaching of ISAK courses for many years. The study of man and movement is a complex task. Several authors have shown that volleyball players possess muscular power, jumping prowess, strength and height in blocking, strength and speed for spiking, endurance, speed and agility, among other kinanthropometric characteristics. Corresponding author: wiliam. Skeletal Muscle Function, V.
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